Dogs Corner

At Arra Veterinary Clinic, O'Brien Street, Tipperary Town...

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For pet health enquiries please contact Arra Veterinary Clinic (062) 31439

  • Puppy Health Care... Click to find out more

    PUPPY VACCINATIONS

    Core Vaccinations are given to prevent:

     

    • Canine Distemper Virus: Distemper is less common and causes a range of symptoms including respiratory and nervous system disease. Severe vomiting and diarrhoea progress to pneumonia and finally seizures which usually lead to death. Currently there are no significant outbreaks in Ireland
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    • Canine Infectious Hepatitis: This virus causes liver inflammation which can lead to irreversible liver failure. It is fairly uncommon in Ireland, but still exists and is potentially fatal.
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    • Parvovirus: Of all these diseases, Parvovirus constitutes the main threat, causing an often fatal gastroenteritis. The virus is widespread and can live on footpaths and in soil for several years. We regularly need to treat unvaccinated dogs suffering from this disease. The cost of treatment is high (min €200) and a proportion of dogs die despite the best treatment.
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    • Parainfluenza and other respiratory disease: Several infectious organisms are capable of causing respiratory disease in the dog. This can vary from relatively minor cold-like symptoms to more serious airway or lung disease. Vaccination offers protection against viral respiratory pathogens
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    • Leptospirosis: This bacterial organism can be commonly contracted from the environment, especially around waterways and areas exposed to rat urine. Leptospiral infection can cause acute kidney and liver failure. It may be transmitted to humans where it can cause a very serious infection called Weil’s disease.
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    • Puppies require two vaccinations initially as the antibodies in their mother’s milk can interfere with the vaccination. The first vaccine is generally given between 6-8 weeks of age. The second vaccine is given 2-4 weeks later when puppy is at least 10 weeks old.
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    • Puppies can go out 2 weeks after their second vaccination when their levels of immunity should be high enough to protect them from disease. Before this puppies should stay confined to your own home and garden.
  • Other Vaccinations... Click to find out more

    Kennel Cough can be given if your dog will be boarding in the next year and rabies vaccine is required for pet passport if your dog is going to be travelling.

  • Worming Your Puppy... Click to find out more

    • Roundworms are very common in puppies and can be passed to the puppy before birth or in the mother’s milk. It is especially important to worm puppies that are in contact with young children as certain types of roundworm can cause disease in humans; particularly children.
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    • Puppies may also carry tapeworms. These are most commonly picked up through ingestion of fleas. These can sometimes be seen in the faeces as segments of the worm are shed. These segments will have the appearance of rice grains.
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    • There are many different worm treatments available. Puppies need to be wormed every two weeks until they are 12 weeks old, then every month until 6 months old, after this every three months. See worming schedule below. Talk to our vet about treatments suitable for your puppy

     

    PUPPY WORMING SCHEDULE

    Age                     Wormer

    2 Weeks

    4 Weeks

    6 Weeks

    8 Weeks

    10 Weeks

    12 Weeks

    4 Months

    5 Months

    6 Months

    9 Months

    12 Months

    -

  • Microchipping... Click to find out more

    Microchipping is the only permanent way of identifying  your dog. This means that in the unfortunate event that your pet goes missing you can be contacted and increase the chances of been reunited with your lost dog.

     

    WHY SHOULD I MICROCHIP MY DOG?

    • There are many unidentified dogs put in pounds all over Ireland every day. Microchipping is the only permanent means of identifying, a collar can be taken off or a tag removed
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    • Microchipping is an essential step in applying for an ⦁ EU Pet Passport which is compulsory for travelling.

     

    HOW DOES A MICROCHIP WORK?

    • A microchip contains a unique 15 digit number – no two dogs will ever get the same number.
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    • A radio signal transmitted from a scanner is used to read this number through the skin of your pet. After the scan the vet consults a database to find a matching number and thereby obtain the owner’s contact details.

     

    HOW ARE THE OWNERS TRACED?

    • If a dog is found to have a microchip, the Local Authority, vet or animal welfare organisation contacts a national database to find the owner’s details. The owner then can be contacted and reunited with their dog.
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    • Your registration document will tell you which database has your dog registered and their contact details.
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    • If you need to make any changes to your dogs registered details, such as moving house, you should contact your database operator.
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    • Owners of microchip scanners have special access to the databases to allow them to contact you if they find your dog.
  • Pet Insurance... Click to find out more

    The last thing on new owner’s minds when they look at their healthy bouncing new puppy is sickness and big vet bills.

     

    None the less we recommend investigating potential pet insurers as in the unfortunate incidence of an accident or illness at least the cost issue will not be a factor when deciding the best course of action for your pet. Also when your pet is at a young age and healthy as there are no pre-existing disease limitations.

     

  • Socialisation and Training... Click to find out more

    • The socialisation period for dogs is between four and 12 weeks of age. During this period a puppy will tend to accept new experiences and therefore not be fearful of them later in life.
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    • Allowing your puppy to have good experiences while meeting a range of people and other dogs (as long as they are fully vaccinated and healthy) as well as hearing sounds around the house will hopefully mean that your puppy will accept them for life and not be afraid.
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    • It is generally a good idea to enrol your puppy in training classes. A well mannered dog is easier to take places and will make life easier for both owner and dog. Ask your vet about classes in your area
  • Adult Healthcare... Click to find out more

    VACCINATIONS

    Vaccinations are divided into two main groups: core vaccinations and Non-core vaccinations. Core Vaccinations are vaccinations that each dog requires annually to protect them for infectious diseases. Non-Core Vaccinations are optional Vaccines that may be needed by your dog depending on his/her situation.

     

    CORE VACCINATIONS

     

    Prevention is better than cure. Annual vaccination is essential for your dog, vaccinations are given to protect your dog from contracting a wide number of bacterial and viral diseases. Vaccination boosters are needed each year to boost your dog’s immune system and keep circulating antibodies high. For more information on core vaccinations visit our puppy healthcare page . We are offering a vaccination for life scheme to help reduce the cost of annual vaccinations and to encourage annual health checks in dogs.

     

    If your dog misses their annual vaccination they will need to start the course of vaccinations again. For more information contact us.

     

    NON-CORE VACCINATIONS

     

    These are optional vaccinations that may be required by your dog in certain situations

     

    Kennel Cough

    This is an internasal vaccine that provides immunity against bordetella bronchiseptica which is one of the organisms responsible for kennel cough. Any reputable kennels will require that you have this given to your dog at least 10 days before boarding. The vaccine lasts for a year

     

    Rabies Vaccine

    Rabies Vaccine is a requirement for the  EU pet passport scheme. The vaccination needs to be given at least 21 days before intended date of travelling.  Check out the pet passport section for more information

     

  • Dental Disease Treatment... Click to find out more

    If your vet or veterinary nurse notices any tartar, gingivitis, periodontitis etc they will advise you on the best course of treatment.

     

    Dental Scale: A dental entails general anaesthesia (they bite when awake!) and removal of all the tartar and other ‘gunge’ from your pet’s teeth with an ultrasonic descaler – just like in a human dentists.

     

    Tooth and root examination: Once this is done each tooth and its roots are examined individually and if required the tooth can be removed. Unlike in humans, if there is any doubt vets often remove the tooth.Your pet will do fine with the tooth gone whereas with it there they may have problems very soon again and require another treatment.

     

    Polish: Finally the teeth are polished to smooth out any microscopic imperfections and help reduce the build-up of further tartar.

     

    In general this is a day procedure and is done routinely. For older animals your practice will discuss doing pre-anaesthetic blood tests to ensure the risks are minimised.

     

    In short, do not underestimate the importance of looking after your pets teeth. Prevention is better than cure – so daily brushing is the gold standard, but a good diet and watchfulness will make sure that you spot any problems early.

     

  • Preventing Fleas and Other Ecto Parasites... Click to find out more

    Fleas are a common occurrence in dogs of all ages all year around and particularly in the summer. With a range of products available it is easy to sort out a treatment and preventative protocol to suit your needs.  Ticks are not as common as fleas but can be picked up anywhere in Ireland especially in areas with trees and long grass. Another common ectoparasite in dogs and puppies are ear mites. These are very painful and irritating.

     

    FLEAS

     

    How do they spread?

    Fleas are picked up from:

     

    • Other pets through direct contact
    • Visiting places where fleas may be present (They like to live in crevices and cracks), houses, and in areas where other pets or wildlife are found.

     

     

    How do I know if my pet has fleas?

    1. Behavioural signs: restless and scratching, licking or chewing on certain areas of her body. Shaking the head often and scratching at the ears is another indication of a possible flea infestation in your dog.
    2.  Check the skin and haircoat: The armpits and groin are two areas that tend to be warm and protected, making them preferred spots for large flea populations.
    3. Get a flea comb and run it through the hair on your dog’s back and legs. To tell the difference between regular dirt and flea “dirt” is to wet any black specks that fall off the pet and if they turn a dark reddish-brown color, you are seeing the digested blood that the flea has passed through its body and excreted.
    4. Check the environment: examine the pets feeding area and bedding area for signs of flea dirt or flea

     

    Health Problems

    In addition to extreme discomfort, fleas and ticks can also cause serious health problems in pets and people.

     

    • Flea allergy dermatitis: When a flea bites your dog, it deposits a small amount of saliva in the skin. Your pet can develop a reaction to this saliva, which causes severe itching. In addition to your pet scratching or biting excessively around the tail, groin or backside, scabs or bumps may also appear on your pet’s neck or back.
    • Anemia may occur in pets if too many fleas suck their blood. The signs of anemia include pale gums, weakness and lethargy in your pet.
    • Dogs may become infected with tapeworms by ingesting an infected flea. Pets may have intense anal itching, and tapeworm segments may be seen around the anal area or in the feces.

     

    Treating Flea Infestation

     

    There are many products available to treat flea infestations but remember prevention is better than cure. Call into us for advice on the best possible prevention and treatment regime for your pets. The important things to remember in treating an infestation are below:

     

    • Kill adult fleas that are already on the pet.
    • Kill newly-arriving adult fleas on the pet. It may take three or flour months to kill all the fleas emerging from pupae in the household environment.
    • Inhibit the hatching of viable flea eggs and prevent the development of larvae into adult fleas.
    • Clear the home and the environment of flea eggs, larvae, and pupae that are already there.

     

    FLEA LIFE CYCLE

     

    The Life Cycle of the flea:

     

    •  The adult female lays eggs on the animal and takes a blood meal for the eggs to develop
    • The eggs fall off the pet’s coat into the environment of the animal(pet beds and pet bedding, carpet, couches and outdoor settings: garden beds and sheds)

     

    NOTE: This is why it is important to treat the animal (host) as well as the environment

     

    • The Flea egg hatches releasing a first stage Flea Larvae (after about 2 days).  Over 9-15 days, the first stage flea larva develops to become a third final stage flea larva which lives in the host’s environment where it feeds on flea dirt and dander.
    • The final stage flea spins a cocoon and becomes a pupae in order to change into an adult. This is the most long-lived stage of the flea lifecycle – taking anywhere up to a year or more to hatch. The pupa is the life cycle stage of the flea that is the most vital to a flea population’s persistence in a host environment. Flea cocoons generally only hatch in the presence of a host animal.

     

    NOTE: The fleas will simply lie dormant in their cocoons and wait – they can wait for many, many months for a host to reappear. Cocoon eradication is, thus, very important if an environment is to be rendered completely free of fleas

     

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Opening Hours

9-5 Monday

9-7 Tuesday

9-5 Wednesday

9-7 Thursday

9-5 Friday

9.30-12.30 Saturday

(Appointment only basis)

Contact Details:
Arra Veterinary Clinic
O'Brien Street,
Tipperary Town
Tel: 062 31439
info@arraveterinaryclinic.com

Arra Vet Clinic Tipperary © 2015